Signatories to Multilateral Arms Control Treaties and Agreements

Which are the main existing multilateral treaties and agreements on arms control in the world, and what is the status of the MENA countries regarding to them? Who has signed what, and when?

Islamist Parties Performance in Elections Since 2011

The map provides an overview of the Islamist parties’ performance in regional elections between 2011 and October 2017.    

China’s Military Presence in the Mena and its Inmediate Surroundings (2018)

This map aims to represent Chinese military presence in the MENA region, depicting its key overseas facilities (military bases) in the Middle East and Northern Africa, as well as the top operations in which the Chinese forces are involved, individually or as members of a military coalition or international operations. The map is part of [...]

GAZA STRIP: The long-standing Israeli policy of isolation, separation and siege of Gaza

The Gaza Strip has one of the highest population densities in the world, with almost 2 million people living in only 365 km2. Two-thirds of the residents are refugees - evicted from their villages and land during the 1948 war - unemployment rates are over 40%, and nearly half are below the age of 14. [...]

Precarious Resilience: Tunisia’s Libyan Predicament

By Hamza Meddeb (Future note n.5) Libya suffers from an interlinked political, security and economic crisis that is proving to be particularly destabilising for its neighboring Tunisia. The emerging conflict economy across the Tunisia–Libya border, the proliferation of non-state armed groups along with support from external actors and the backlash of increasing securitization of the [...]

Material Factors for the MENA Region: Data Sources, Trends and Drivers

This background paper on material factors in the MENA region selects key datasets for understanding past and present demographic, environmental, energy, economic and military transformations. It introduces the key literature relating to each factor and it identifies the most appropriate databases to assess the conditions in the MENA region. Using these databases, the ways in [...]

On the Importance of Ideas, Identities and Values in the MENA region

By Nizar Messari This paper evaluates the importance of ideas, norms and identities in the MENA region. The basic assumption is that ideas, norms and identities matter in world politics in general, and in the MENA region in particular. After presenting an overview of the debate on these concepts in the field of international relations, [...]

Energy Relations between Turkey and Israel

Sabiha Senyücel Gündoğar and Aybars Görgülü This Future Note* prepared within the scope of the MENARA project aims to provide a brief outlook to the energy relations between Israel and Turkey. Following a six years of rupture in bilateral relations, Turkey and Israel signed a reconciliation agreement on June 2016 in order to normalize relations. Several developments have [...]

The New US President. Implications for the Middle East and North Africa

A New MENARA Future notes By Robert Springborg. The US presidential elections of 8 November 2016 will see two different visions of America’s future confronting one another. While most of the presidential debates have focussed on domestic issues, including the economy, trade issues and societal polarisation, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has typically [...]