Driss Maghraoui is Associate Professor of History and International Relations at Al Akhawayn University, Morocco. He co-edited a special issue of Mediterranean Politics (2009) on ‘Reform in the Arab World: The Experience of Morocco’. Editor of Revisiting the Colonial Past in Morocco (Routledge, 2013). Recent publications include ‘Searching for Normalization: The Party of Justice and Development in Morocco’, in Quinn Mecham and Julie Chernov Hwang (eds.), Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), and ‘The Moroccan “Effort de Guerre” in World War II’, in Judith Byfield et al. (eds.), Africa and World War II (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and Morocco: Obedience, Civil Resistance, and Dispersed Solidarities in Civil Resistance in the Arab World, Triumphs and Disasters edited by Adam Roberts, (Oxford University Press, 2016).