Djalill Lounas – al Akhawayn University

«When we analyze the dynamics of conflicts in North Africa among the jihadists we notice that the dynamics of competition among the jihadist groups that exist in the Middle East – for example al Qaida and Isis – have repercussions in North Africa».

Hamza Meddeb – European Institute of Florence

«Today Muslim brotherhood affiliated groups are in a dilemma: how to become a ruling party without losing their historical role as a major player in political and social protests. This is problematic because their inclusion in the political sphere will means that they will have to make concessions, accept secular constitutions and be accepted by the big State – which means business network, security services, bureaucracy»