Future Notes

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Sustainable Development in the MENA Region

In the MENA region, the realization of the United Nations General Assembly’s SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) is limited and slow. The priorities given to the seventeen SDGs differ significantly across the region due to the specific needs and situations of each country. Positive changes can be observed, for example for renewable energy, while other important [...]

Struggling for a Sustainable Economy: Iran after the JCPOA

Following the United States’ decision to withdraw from the JCPOA in May 2018, the Iran dossier has come back at the forefront of contemporary world politics. New rounds of sanctions imposed on Iran are likely to have a significant impact on the political and economic sustainability of the Islamic Republic, which has recently celebrated its [...]

Water and Food Security Strategies in the MENA Region

Food security in the MENA region will become one of the key issues of the 21st century. If insufficiently addressed, it may lead to severe social, environmental, economic and political consequences. Given high population growth across the region and the fact that water could be a bottleneck for agricultural production, the region will have to [...]

Turkey’s Evolving Response to Migration Management: Facts and Policy Steps

Previously being more a transit country for migrants trying to get asylum in Europe, Turkey has now become a country of immigration and turned into a country of residence for not only Syrian people but also other people from the MENA region. As a result of the growing trend in the number of arrivals the [...]

Bouteflika’s Uncertain Fifth Term

In April 2019, Algerian voters will go to the polls to elect their next president. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the incumbent president, is the ruling FLN designated candidate for the elections. Bouteflika, who was first elected in 1999 and is the longest-serving Algerian head of state, has yet to announce his candidacy. However, for the moment the [...]

Morocco and Its Quest to Become a Regional Driver for Sustainable Energy

This Future Note analyses how Morocco is driving growth in renewable energy in the Middle East and North Africa region. After giving an overview of the electricity sector’s role in de-carbonizing Morocco’s energy system, the paper sheds light on the enabling environment, in terms of the regulatory, policy and institutional framework as well as financing [...]

The Crisis of the GCC and the Role of the European Union

The dispute that erupted in 2017 between the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has been the gravest crisis in the history of the institution. In the last fifteen months, the rupture between the GCC states was consolidated and became a lasting reality to which each regional and global power must accommodate its strategy [...]

The EU and the Iran Nuclear Deal: How to Proceed?

Trump steered the USA away from the diplomatic framework of the nuclear deal in yet another blow to the transatlantic alliance. Indeed the JCPOA represents a landmark achievement for the European Union, a sign of its ability to affect the global stage as a complementary as well as autonomous voice vis-à-vis the US. So far, [...]

Morocco’s African Foreign Policy

Morocco’s African foreign policy is not new, although it features some new characteristics, such as an emphasis on the economy, its reach far beyond traditional francophone African circles, as well as unprecedented number of royal visits across Africa. There are also two non-material aspects to Morocco’s new approach: it comes with a South-South twist and [...]

Libya: Moving Beyond the Transitional Mood

The Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) signed in December 2015 resulted in some relative stabilization and improvement of the security situation of the country, especially in Tripoli. Yet, it has not brought the political and institutional divisions to an end. The diplomatic focus put on revising the LPA during 2017 has shed light on the vested [...]